- Melasma causes brown, tan, or blue-gray spots on the face.
- Melasma is most common in women 20-50 years of age.
- Melasma is characterised by three location patterns (central face, cheekbone, and jawline).
- Melasma is caused partly by sun, genetic predisposition, and hormonal changes.The condition is frequently treated with topical creams containing hydroquinone.
- Melasma prevention requires sun avoidance and sun protection.
It is thought to be primarily related to external sun exposure, external hormones like birth control pills, and internal hormonal changes as seen in pregnancy.
Symptoms of Melasma
Melasma causes patches of discolouration. The patches are darker than your usual skin colour. It typically occurs on the face and is symmetrical, with matching marks on both sides of the face. Other areas of your body that are often exposed to sun can also develop melasma.
Brownish coloured patches usually appear on the:
cheeks, forehead, bridge of the nose and chin.
It can also occur on the neck and forearms. The skin discolouration doesn’t do any physical harm, but you may feel self-conscious about the way it looks.